Times are moving and people are constantly looking for comparative advantage whether it’s at work or in business ventures, and technological advancements seem the perfect tool. The need to be the best, prompts individuals to seek international degrees and the ones which are offered by the best universities in the world yet at affordable rates.

In our days most prestigious universities offer international degrees thorough distance learning, utilization of computers and internet are vital in making such learning possible. Most universities which offer such programs utilize internet based systems which facilitate the smooth running of lessons, Sakai is one of the many learning systems which is used by more than 350 educational institutions including Oxford University and MIT.

Distance learning has also emerged as a necessity at school levels. There have been considerate improvements in the grades attained by learners who have access to television, radio or social networks like Mxit which is adopted by Study Mate. It uses these tools to offer help to learners at the comfort of their homes, help in education is just a switch away whether television, Mxit or radio.

Technological advancements are constantly breaking boundaries between attainable and unattainable. They have made it possible for almost anyone with any sort of disabilities to receive the education that is offered to the students with no disabilities. Screen magnification software is used by people with visual impairments to access information on computer screens. FM system is a wireless, portable, battery-operated device that uses radio transmission to send auditory signals that can be used by blind students which eliminate the disturbance encountered when using a hearing aid.

Geographic locations or disability circumstances are no longer an obstacle in attaining the best education.

Author: Bongo Fezile Mahlahla

Editor: Shaquille Buys

Date accessed 29 April 2013

IT business has to have some direction, in which it grows the direction for it to reach the best market value like Network and Wireless Build-Out, it has brought to ground. This trends makes the world go round, everyone out there has come to a point whereas they have to adopt it and this shows that IT business has found a good trend it which it can use to attract their costumers, the trends in which makes the life of everyone who is using it to come to a point we call it “an easy life”.

Some of other trends are The Marketing Tech Revolution, Advanced Communications, Strategies Shift Toward Revenue Growth, Business Intelligence and Big Data, Development of the Customized Cloud and many more which can be found on Getting deep into our topic here now in our education world IT has just came with a way of improving the level of teaching, the way assignment are being taken which we can all a trend too in which I can say it connect with the Network and Wireless Build-Out trend because I think every university has got Network and Wireless Build-Out for every student for them to be able to reach on to the tool that they university has assigned them to use. These trends are still growing constantly; these ones are from the year 2012 and obviously this there are still others which are going to be found.

Author: John Ramabele
Editor: Sisa Njombeni



Information technology plays a massive role in the world of business, which has a massive impact of capabilities on people’s lives as well. The knowledge of information technology users breaks the digital divide between the people that don’t understand the basic knowledge of how to operate a simple device. Information technology has also helped businesses in the past and present to improve their scale operation and to expand their scale of operation. Many business connections and business related friendships with other businesses’ are made through internet advertisements in a business-to-business communication.

Information technology plays an important role in business as it increases the efficiency of a business, it also keeps records of the businesses transactions which is used to increase the profit of a business and to minimise the expenses which were recorded through all transactions that have been automatically recorded on the system, by inspecting that as the main approach on how to enlarge the growth of the business.  One of the most useful functions and advantages of information technology is to store large amounts of data. Years and years of individual customer records, transactions, data movements and updates are stored all over company systems to provide the best services to our customers. Therefore we need to formulate their data into information so that it can be used, aggregated, analyzed and displayed in almost any format imaginable, to allow employees to make better decisions about their customers and more importantly about our company.

Data can show customer trends, financial analysis, system response times, profitable customers, anything that you have stored can be displayed in a suitable format. All we would need to do is provide the input, the system would then do the processing, and provide an output. This would free up our time and allow us to perform more relevant work, such as building relationships in the business, making decisions, developing ideas, and providing service to customers.

A business has to be involving, it has to be fun, and it has to exercise your creative instincts. – Richard Branson

Author: Shaquille Buys

Edited by: Thuso Magau


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Technological adoption in South Africa is said to be in the late majority category. The fact of the matter is that we are a developing country and an economic power house for Africa, the time for us as a country to really look into investing in IT technologies particularly in our public educational system has come.

The debate of introducing helpful, more effective IT technologies in classrooms such as IPADs, is one which really caught my full attention, I mean for our public schools this could drastically reduce the gap we have between private and public education. Private education is in fact world class educational system which unfortunately is offered to a minority (the rich), so what about the majority? What about the less fortunate who are caught in the mix of corrupt and negligent government officials that only represent their own selfish ideologies and are careless about the quality of our public education? I am saying this due to the Limpopo textbook saga, where school kids were left in desperation, wondering who would save them when their own government failed in providing a simple basic service of delivering textbooks on time. This matter would have been avoided if technologies such as Tablets and IPADs were part and parcel of education taught in classrooms.

To elaborate this further, Publisher Houghton Mifflin Harcourt tested an interactive, digital version of an Algebra 1 textbook for Apple’s iPad in California’s Riverside Unified School District and the results given were that “students who used the iPad version scored 20 percent higher on standardized tests versus students who learned with traditional textbooks.”

It’s clear that digital technologies are fast replacing worn out textbooks, kids are keen in learning with digital versions. This will make them more motivated, attentive, and importantly digitally literate.

Author: Siyabulela Klaas

Edited: Nomfundo Gambushe


ethics_thumbAlong the lines of Information Technology, the importance of ethics is forsaken. Intellectual property is lost along the lines of piracy, privacy is invaded through hacking; people’s systems are captured through viruses etc. How can these be addressed?

Companies, both software and music and movie producers work hard to maximize profit, but pirates cut it down. The root of this, I believe, started in manufacturing devices e.g. smartphones and computers that have Bluetooth which allows users to exchange files for free, CD/DVD writers used to duplicate disks (music, software, movies), and much more. Apart from issuing copyrights, how can producers protect what they own?

Having been declared ineffective and only bringing damage, copy protection has evolved. With augmentation, copy protection might serves as a viable solution to piracy. Companies like SG-Lock, Microcosm, among others have brought a more effective copy protection system. Copy protection is not the only solution however; the issuing of software registration codes is also used as a means to limit piracy.

I learned that one of the reasons viruses are created is to take control of a computer and use it for specific tasks. Through emails, hackers can get malicious software through. As all of that happens without the user’s knowledge, antivirus can be a ‘watchman’, working to detect and capture viruses before they spread into the system.

Privacy is important, however most computer users are victims of spying and data theft. Some companies consider email interception as a way to monitor their workers’ progress; however it is a violation of privacy looking at it in terms of ethics. This is an unethical act, but it is justified by contracts. ‘Black hat’ hackers break into their systems to steal sensitive information like banking details, credit card numbers, Identity numbers etc. To solve this, computers can be protected by firewall, which will monitor everything that enters and exits the system. These systems must be regularly updated in order to stop the latest network tactics by hackers. Encryption of files, password protection also count as useful solutions.

Even though hackers find their way around this systems, with continuous development, hackers can be ceased.

(Links to the information are aggregated in the above website)

Author: Koketso Sithatu

Editor: Kelebogile Mokwena


Business & Society (Ethics and Stakeholder Management), Archie B. Carroll, Ann K. Buchholtz

Computer Concepts, 2010: Comprehensive, June Jamrich Parsons, Dan Oja

Guest Contributor, August 15, 2006, 7:00 am PDT


Ethics are principles which govern people’s behaviour. A person who behaves ethically is one who lives according to the principles given to them by the society. Ethics are expressed in statements of behaviour.

There are certain factors which lead to unethical behaviour in the IT world, some of which includes:
> Self Regulation.
> Mandatory Participation.
> Deception.
> The right to know.

SELF REGULATION > Self regulation has to do with the inner person. An individual has to behave in a right manner before having to be told so, this rely on the conscience of a person and if you lack such, you turn to behave unethically.

MANDATORY PARTICIPATION > It is compulsary for people to give honest references when it comes to using someone’s information. Some people end up taking advantage of this matter in a way that they do not participate fairly and with a clean conscience, they use information as if it’s their own.

DECEPTION > People are not giving true intentions and this result in audience being misled. It is a situation where by you are being deceived, not told the truth and made to believe that whatever is said is true.

A RIGHT TO KNOW > In this case you might be having access to things such as pin codes, knowing how things (systems) are used, you know what is collected, the storage and for how long it will be kept.
I think this also applies to a situation in which you are computer literate and you using your knowledge to manipulate documents such as Identity Documents, Licenses, Study records or any other

LAWS > Laws are being given around the world in relation to this matter. Some of which includes a lawful and fair collection of data, accuracy and appropriate security measures.

Author: Kelebogile Mokwena
Edited by: Koketso Sithatu

*Communications of AIS, Volume7 Article4
*Research Ethics in information Systems: Would a Code of practice helf?
By> R.Davison, N.Kock, K.D.Loch and R.Clarke

http://www.academia.adu/804222/consumer_ethics_The_role_of_self_regulation_focus ethics


Technology has bought many changes to the business world; businesses are now able to run their daily activities more efficiently. There are many IT business trends that have helped businesses to work more efficiently specifically we will look at Energy Efficient Data Centres. At first businesses used to struggle in terms of storing and processing large data this process was very expensive and time consuming. This had continued to be a problem up until recently when IT specialists invented energy efficient data centres these data centres use 50% less energy than typical data centres as temperatures increase they use outside air for cooling and build customs servers what distinguishes these data centres from the previous ones which were used is that they provide maximum computer power while taking up minimal energy. Meanwhile the focus in the field of the hardware will shift to micro servers whose increased processor integration improves performance yield Per Watt. These data centres can be very useful when a business has to deliver internal IT services in efficient and cost- effective way.

Most Accounting firms and big businesses are using these data centres and so far they are happy with the outcome of implementing these data these data centres. However looking at the disadvantages of these data centres is that they have high maintance cost and they also require lots of cooling which depends on the temperature outside thus if it is hot they do not cool properly. As we know that most businesses aim is to have less cost and yet get maximum profit these data centres help businesses to achieve this by reducing the electricity cost used for storing data.

Author: Sisa Njomboni

Edited by: Fezile Mahlahla


Date accessed: 26 April 2013

Date accessed:  26 April 2013